Fireplaces with a water jacket (Tubokaminy)
Fireplaces with a water jacket (Tubokaminy)
A modern house should be heated with several heat sources. This will provide the possibility of flexible adaptation to continuous price changes on energy, which will reduce operating costs. There is a considerable choice of species heating systems, such as gas (condensing boiler), oil, electric, heat pump, coal boiler, fireplace, solar panels, or finally a fireplace with a water hose. The key element of the puzzle - what to choose - the question of fuel prices, but also necessary take into account the price of devices so as not to overpay.
Relatively cheap, in the late 90's, oil became incredibly expensive - which is why practically inaccessible to the average person. Heating can also fail, based on electricity (also with a known second tariff). Slightly cheaper gas heating by a condensing boiler remains. The undisputed leader among heating there are solar collectors that use free solar energy and domestic water is heated. At an average sunshine of 1700 hours, they make up an interesting alternative to traditional energy sources. However, given the specifics of the climate, they effectively perform their function in the warm half of the year - that is, from March to October. Then about 80% of the annual solar energy is achieved. Properly installed collectors can provide 50-80% of the energy needed to heat water. Heating of premises for using this energy source has additional value.
Fireplaces with water are definitely better at this function sleeves that heat the room with the help of the existing system of radiators and heat water for domestic purposes. Thanks to a special water system - ie built - in heat exchanger for operation in the pressure system (ie closed - it is used in 95% of modern systems), heat is directed to radiators or underfloor heating systems as well to the water tank. Thus it is possible to heat the house cheaply (with wood) and to provide home comfort of warm water without the stresses arising from high means of its heating. IN a well-heated house with an area of about 120m2 and 4 people in the household, heating (for 6 months) and hot water (12 months) is 3/2, so easy calculate how much it all costs together.
Optimally designed system for energy-efficient home also takes into account the third source energy - the best one that does not require maintenance and at the same time provide heating needs without domestic intervention. (In their absence or illness). This feature can perform gas or other boiler, even electric - with the proviso that it to use sporadically, and the main weight of heating lay on heating by a turbo fireplace (with water hose and built-in heat exchanger for operation in a closed system). So the equipped system must be integrated - ie solar panels, turbo fireplace and boiler must be included in the same system and synchronously complement each other. Collectors always work when sunny, the boiler is used sporadically, while the turbo fireplace provides heat and pleasant family atmosphere. There are a lot of competitive products on the heating market - it's worth it invest in good quality devices from a proven manufacturer. Instead of investing on the stock exchange, it may be worth investing in a proven integrated heating system, which is long years will provide heat.
Turbo fireplace - fireplace with water hose and built-in heat exchanger
Principle of operation
Fireplace with water hose combines the benefits of traditional heating with fireplace with modern trends of economical and environmentally friendly heating.
Turbo fireplace is made of refractory steel sheet. The water hose is a double wall, between which is the heating factor. A heat exchanger is placed in the water hose. It spiral coil from the minted stainless steel plate which actually passes heating factor (that which fills the radiators, underfloor heating, etc.). Heating in fireplaces, for using a heat exchanger, we transfer heat directly to the radiators and heat domestic water. We control the combustion process thanks to the microprocessor control and a turbine located under the fireplace, which supplies air for combustion (standard equipment Turbo fireplace). The user sets the temperature set to controllers and automation "monitors" the combustion, allowing as much air as required to obtain a given temperature. Due to this burning, except the moment application of fuel, occurs without the need for maintenance. In the case of devices that do not have forced traction and control, personal involvement in throttle manipulation is required. The absence of a heat exchanger also means the need to install an external one heat exchanger with additional circulating pump.
The fireplace chamber should be less powerful than it arises due to the need for power for t.o./p.p.v. (central opaldomestic water heating). Installing a smaller turbo fireplace power allows for intensive combustion, "on a larger scale" without fear of overheating of the building and lack of heat. Intense combustion creates an opportunity achieving higher efficiency and at the same time preventing contamination of the combustion chamber glass a also the flue (with a minimum draft of 9 PA). Turbo fireplace is required at the installation site provide for the connection of C.O. (copper pipe in diameter 28), entrance to the fireplace, cold water approach for protection of a water hose from an expansion tank, the air access channel (fi 150 mm) and also electric current. A very useful installation solution that will make it easier to connect The turbo fireplace to other boilers (eg gas, long-burning) is an integrator. The module unites energy from many sources and distributes it to heating systems (directly or with mixing) with priority for warm water.
In the case of permanent fuel heaters, tools are a very important element security. Turbo fireplace is a two-system device. The water hose works in an open cycle (without forced pressure), instead the built-in heat exchanger is part of a closed cycle system that runs through the water hose of the fireplace. Due to this we get a double Turbo fireplace protection.
- Open loop sleeve provides an open overflow tank (10 liters) with a float that automatically and without user intervention allows water to the hose in case of boiling. A stream of hot water and steam enters the sewer and the added cold water cools the water.
- The closed cycle of the heat exchanger is protected (as well as other systems) by a red tank with group security.
The cycle distribution of the hose and the built-in heat exchanger protects the pumps from possible cavitation and hot steam and also protects the design of the fireplace from harmful thermal stresses. An additional safety device can be installed in the function of the cooling coil, which passes through the water hose huge amounts of water to generate heat. The above double protection is the most effective form of protection of Turbocamine from overheating. It is also worth mentioning that the inflation control cuts off the flow of air for combustion (to the required minimum), thus limiting the intensity of combustion.
Effective control of the T-com turbo fireplace allows:
- Regulation of the combustion process (available to investors) -
- Control of 3 circulating pumps
- Controlling the "loading" of the container p.p.v.
- 3-way zonal valve control
- Protection and regulation functions (available for installers)
Thanks to this Turbo fireplace can perform heating functions and heat heating domestic water. An important function is the periodic run of circulating pumps and valves, which prevents blocking. The "summer" function in the fireplace controller allows the use of the device exclusively for rest (SIC !!) and heating of warm domestic water. In the case of the system with gas or oil boiler there is a possibility of synchronous blocking of the boiler by the fireplace. This avoids duplication of energy sources.
Posting is easy
When installing the integrated system, the appropriate wiring must be carried out. In the case of Turbo fireplace connecting cables (controller, circulation pump, valves with actuator) must have an incision of 1.5 mm2. Instead of signal (temperature sensors in the sleeve and container) 0.75mm2.
Turbo fireplace with water hose can be the main source of heat - to transfer energy to radiators, floor systems and heat water in the tank. It must be used as a fuel hardened deciduous wood, moisture content, not more than 25%. (This corresponds to 2 seasons of hiding). The operating temperature of the water hose should be at least 60-65 degrees. The best effect is achieved when smoking in fireplaces intensively, when higher water hose temperature and intense inflation. Then the combustion process optimal and the greatest energy efficiency. Moreover, there is no effect of contamination of the glass fireplace (when using dry wood).
Combination with other devices
Turbo fireplace, boiler and solar collectors form a modern integrated system. Devices are interconnected and work in favor of one heating system (t.o.) and warm water (p.p.v.). Easy combination and effective cooperation can happen thanks to a novelty - a module that manages energy in an integrated system - integrator. It creates the ability to fast and easy combination of components. On the water side, it collects energy from power supplies - (Turbo fireplace, Turbosolar and random boiler) and distributes from the receiving side to the systems: radiator and domestic hot water, performing in some cases the distribution function. System controlled by new microprocessor modules T-com, T-salt and controller boiler. Installation of the system is simplified, significantly, "lean" the amount of equipment and connecting fittings. This is usefulbut for the installer (time) and the client (funds).
Easy to maintain
The electronic control unit, which is included in the standard configuration, controls operation of the fireplace, regulating the operation of the fan and circulating pumps. It is possible program the ignition cycle, the operating temperature of the circulation pumps as well choose the performance of the fan depending on the type of fuel. Sequential and electronic regulation of the inflow of combustion air prevents accidental extinguishing of flames and accumulation of smoke. Turbo fireplace is equipped with sound software alarm, which is triggered in case of overheating of the device. This, in large part, allows for detailed control of the combustion process that, in as a result, allows for heat recovery within 85%.
The method of lighting in a fireplace is simple and fast thanks to electric control of inflation.
The principle of ignition:
- Open the front door
- Open the smoke control lever correctly
- Put the prepared lighter of dry wood and paper on the rack
- Light the paper and close the front door
- Connect the electronic control unit and set the temperature and inflatable power.
- When a layer of heat is formed, it is necessary to obtain enough thermal power of Turbocamine put a few wooden logs in the camera and with the help of an electric control unit set the temperature as well as the inflation force,
- The intensity of combustion is obtained by: turning on the fan and exposure temperature on the electronic control unit
Installation of Turbo fireplace and network t.o. as well as protection must be carried out in accordance with the requirements of expansion tank of open type.
During the operation of heating devices the following must be observed:
1. Before lighting a fire in the Turbofireplace: check that the system is properly filled water, check the chimney, make sure the expansion tank and pipes inflows and outflows are technically sound and dense.
2. If there is a break in the heating during frosts, it is necessary to drain the water system to prevent it from freezing and damage due to compression.
3. Ensure proper intake and exhaust ventilation in the room where it is installed Turbo fireplace.
4. There should be no flammable or corrosive materials near the appliance.
5. Do not use a mechanical exhaust in the room where the Turbo fireplace is installed ventilation
6. Use distilled water as a heating substance. In case the premises are not heated in the cold period, you can add to the heating system non-freezing liquid.
7. Operation and increase of safety of Turbokamin users:
The camera glass is hot (& gt; 100 oC) while the Turbofire is running - you need to pay special attention attention, especially for children, it is forbidden to extinguish the Turbofire chamber by filling it with water, the hearth, radiating through the glass, emits a significant amount of heat energy - not worth it leave flammable materials and objects at a distance of less than 150 cm from heat-resistant glass, when cleaning the chamber from the accumulated ash, it is necessary to scoop the ash to metal or non-combustible container. It should be remembered that even the ashes, which have not reached the end, can be very hot and cause a fire, in order to obtain optimal operation of the device must be provided ventilation of the room in which it is installed.
In order to efficiently burn fuel in Turbofireplace you need: periodically clean the combustion chamber and cast iron grate, in order to facilitate cleaning, it is recommended to remove the vertical decorative grille, empty the cast iron cassette from incineration waste, Self-cleaning of the combustion chamber of the Turbo fireplace can be carried out by means of an attachment wooden logs and installation of 100% fan operation in the electronic control unit power
The fireplace must be made of non-combustible materials approved for maintenance constant temperature, and if necessary to insulate the fireplace. Fireplace and chimney the channel must be checked for tightness, inadmissible if they have any leaks. Fireplace may have a round or square section with a diameter of not less than 180 mm x 180 mm. Cut the chimney should be the same throughout the height and should not contain sharp narrowings as well as changes direction of smoke. It is forbidden to connect more than one to one chimney heating device.
The chimney must be cleaned mechanically several times a year, once a period heating season. Chimney cleaning should be performed by a specialized company.
During cleaning you need:
check the condition of the Turbo fireplace, and especially the connecting elements that provide density, and also gaskets and closures,
check the condition of the chimney and the connecting channel, all connections must be in natureto take off good mechanical endurance and density.
The combustion process
Microprocessor control is an electronic control unit that is included in the standard complete set and controls the operation of the fireplace by regulating the operation of the fan and circulation pumps. You can program the ignition cycle, the operating temperature of the circulation pumps and also choose the performance of the fan depending on the type of fuel.
Sequential and electronic control of the amount of air for combustion prevents accidental extinguishing of flames and accumulation of smoke. Turbo fireplace is equipped with software audible alarm, which is included in the event of overheating of the device.
TURBOCAMIN must work in a system completely filled with water or other liquid, which is allowed for use in systems C.O. If you use a turbo fireplace irregularly there is a danger of lowering the temperature of the contour fluid below 0 oC, it is necessary to use precautions by adding to the frost-resistant liquid system intended for heating systems, or by draining water from the heating system.
Protecting the open system
Turbo fireplace, thanks to a combination of open and closed systems, is completely safe device. A precautionary measure for an open system is an expansion tank that protects the water hose from overheating. Thus, it is impossible to create pressure in the water hose. The expansion tank intercepts the volume of water without allowing pressure to rise if the temperature in the water hose is high. The float which is in a tank independently allows cold water to the water hose of the fireplace. The principle of operation of the expansion tank can be illustrated by the example of a pot of boiling water with water. As the temperature rises, air bubbles begin to form in the water. The higher the temperature the more these bubbles, there is also steam and "bubbling". These phenomena disappear as soon as you add cold water to the tub. This is the principle of the expansion tank, eliminating steam, "bubbles" and air bubbles, at the same time cools the sleeve with cold water.
Advantages of the built-in heat exchanger
Naczynie wzbiorcze - expansion tank
Płaszcz wodny - water cloak
Turbokominek - Turbokamine
Turbokominek z płaszczem wodnym z wbudowanym vymiennikiem - Turbokaminek z vodyanym raincoat and built-in heat exchanger
Built-in heat exchanger increases the efficiency of Turbo fireplace compared to fireplaces with water hose to which you need to buy an external heat exchanger and mount it outside fireplace.
Built-in heat exchanger also reduces heat loss, boiler water enters directly from the Turbo fireplace into the system and in the case of other fireplaces it loses part of its own heat, because the coil does not lead directly to the radiators but to the heat exchanger.
Płaszcz wodny - Water cloak
Wymiennik płytowy - Plate heat exchanger
Zwykły kominek z płaszczem wodnym - Ordinary fireplace with water mantle
Zvykły kominek z płaszczem wódnym bez wbudowanego vymiennika - Ordinary fireplace with water jacket without built-in heat exchanger
Separation of closed and open system in the Turbo fireplace, does not allow accumulation of air and scale in the system, which often occurs in the case of external heat exchangers. The air in them is not removed to the expansion tank, and together with the water gets to heat exchanger. In the Turbofireplace, the boiler water does not mix with the water in the water hose, thanks why it is impossible for air bubbles to get to the heat exchanger.
Boiler scale does not settle on the built-in heat exchanger made of embossed pipe, which often happens in the case of an external heat exchanger. Heat exchanger tubes Turbofireplaces work continuously due to which they are elastic and compressed under the influence temperature, due to which the boiler scale falls off the walls of the pipes.
Installation of the Turbo fireplace with a water sleeve allows to save on operational means of the house. It also provides energy security (heat from many sources). About the benefits for the environment environments that provide energy use from renewable sources have been written a lot. Most important, however, is the economic effect for the customer and the feeling of satisfaction with the installation well done work.